Hamadan

Hamadān is the capital city of Hamadan Province of IRAN by a population of about 480,000.

Hamedan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities.

Hamedan has a green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3,574-meter Alvand Mountain, in the midwest part of IRAN. The city is 1,850 meters above sea level.

The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer to this city. It is located approximately 360 kilometres west of Tehran.

The major sights of this city are the Ganj Nameh inscription. the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher monument.

History

Hamadan was established by the Medes. It then became one of several capital cities of the Achaemenid Dynasty.

Hamadan is mentioned in the biblical book of Ezra. as the place where a scroll was found giving the Jews permission from King Darius to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. Its ancient name of Ecbatana is used in the Ezra text. Because it was a mile above sea level, it was a good place to preserve leather documents.

During the Parthian era, Ctesiphon was the capital of the country. and Hamadan the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, the Sassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamadan. In the year 633 the battle of Nahavand took place and Hamadan fell into the hands of the Muslim Arabs.

Hamadan stands on the Silk Road. and even in recent centuries the city enjoyed strong commerce and trade as a result of its location. on the main road network in the western region of Persia and IRAN.

Climate

Hamadan province lies in a temperate mountainous region to the east of Zagros.

Hamadan is in the vicinity of the Alvand mountains and has a dry summer with snowy winters. In fact, it is one of the coldest cities in IRAN. Heavy snowfall is common during winter and this can persist for periods of up to two months. During the short summer, the weather is mild, pleasant, and mostly sunny.

Distinctions

Hamadan is home to many poets and cultural celebrities. The city is also said to be among the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities.

Hamadan has always been well known for handicrafts like leather, ceramics, and carpets.

IRAN’s Cultural Heritage Organization lists 207 sites of historical and cultural significance in Hamadan.

The Tomb of Esther and Mordechai is believed by some to hold the remains of the biblical Esther and her uncle Mordechai.

The scientist and writer Avicenna (Abu Ali Sina) is interred here was constructed in his honor in 1952. The 11th-century Iranian poet Baba Taher is also interred here.