Kashan is a city in the Isfahan province of IRAN. Kashan is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road. This road runs along the edge of the central deserts of Iran.
Its charm is thus mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the deserts and the greenery of the well-tended oasis.
The etymology of the city name comes from the Kasian. The original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years.
Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important center for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian, the word for a tile (kashi) comes from the name of the town.
After world known Iranian historical cities such as Isfahan and Shiraz, Kashan is a common destination for foreign tourists due to numerous historical places. Kashan can be accounted as one of the archaic cities of IRAN. It has special features in regards architecture, historical and religious sites.
Kashan is divided into two parts.
mountainous and desert. In the west side, Kashan is cited in the neighbourhood of two of highest peaks of Karkas chain. Mount Gargash to the southwest of Kashan and Mount Ardehaal in the west of Kashan.
In the east side of the city Kashan opens up to the central desert of Iran which the city is famous for. Kashan is also known for Maranjab Desert and Caravanserai located near the namak lake (or salt lake).
Today Maranjab and the surrounding Shifting Sands is a popular destination at the weekends.
In 2012 Iran successfully nominated the Fin Garden separately for inscription by UNESCO as a part of its Persian Gardens World Heritage Site.
Despite this the “Historical-Cultural Axis of Fin, Sialk, Kashan” remains in full on Iran’s Tentative List.
Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 4 km west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages.
Hence, Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years.
By some accounts, Kashan was the origin of the three wise men who followed the star that guided them to Bethlehem to witness the nativity of Jesus, as recounted in the Bible.
Whatever the historical validity of this story, the attribution of Kashan as their original home testifies to the city’s prestige at the time the story was set down.
Kashan was also a leisure vacation spot for Safavi Kings.
Bagh-e Fin (Fin Garden), specifically, is one of the most famous gardens of Iran. This beautiful garden with its pool and orchards was designed for Shah Abbas as a classical Persian vision of paradise.
The garden itself however, was first founded 7000 years ago alongside the Cheshmeh-ye-Soleiman.
Kashan is a focal tourist attraction via the numerous large houses from the 18th and 19th centuries, illustrating the finest examples of Qajari aesthetics.
Although there are many sites in Kashan of potential interest to tourists. Notable towns around Kashan are Qamsar and Abyaneh, which attract tourists all year around. The nearby town of Niasar features a man-made cave and fireplace of historical interest.
Kashan is internationally famous for manufacturing carpets, silk and other textiles. Today, Kashan houses most of Iran’s mechanized carpet-weaving factories, and has an active marble and copper mining industry.
Kashan and suburbs have a population of 400,000.