Kerman

kerman is the capital city of Kerman Province, IRAN. Its population is about 821,000 making it the 10th most populous city of IRAN.

It is the largest and most developed city in Kerman Province. and the most important city in the southeast of IRAN. It is also one of the largest cities of IRAN in terms of area. Kerman is famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage. The city is home to many historic mosques and Zoroastrian fire temples. Kerman became the capital city of Iranian dynasties several times during its history. It is located on a large, flat plain, 800 km south-east of Tehran, the capital of IRAN.

History

Kerman was founded as a defensive outpost. with the name Veh-Ardashir, by Ardashir I, founder of the Sasanian Empire, in the 3rd century AD. Already in the eighth century the city was famous for its manufacture of cashmere wool shawls and other textiles.

When Marco Polo visited Kerman in 1271, it had become a major trade emporium. linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia.

The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the 19th century to the northwest of the old city. but the city did not return to its former size until the 20th century.

Geography

Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e Lut (Lut Desert) in the south-central part of IRAN. The city is surrounded by mountains. Kerman is also located along the Saheb Al Zman mountain. The city is 1,755 m above sea level. making it third in elevation among provincial capitals in IRAN. Winter brings very cold nights to Kerman. Mountains in the south and southeast Jftan Joopar and Plvar and Kerman have snow all year round.

Climate

Kerman has a cold desert climate with hot summers and cool to cold winters. The city’s many districts are surrounded by mountains that bring variety to Kerman’s year-round weather pattern. The northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area. while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a more moderate climate. The mean elevation of the city is about 1,755 m above sea level.

The city of Kerman has a moderate climate. The average annual rainfall is 142 mm. Otherwise, its climate is relatively cool.

Culture

Kerman is among several cities in IRAN with a strong cultural heritage. which is expressed in the local accent, poetry, local music, handicrafts and customs that Kerman has introduced to the world.

The only anthropology IRAN museum of Zoroastrians in the world. which showcases the ancient history of Zoroastrians, is in Kerman’s Fire Temple.

Jashn-e Tirgan  is an ancient Iranian rain festival observed on July 1. The festivity refers to archangel Tir. who appear in the sky to generate thunder and lightning for providing much needed rain.

The Sadeh ceremony is celebrated every year in Kerman.

The bazaar is large, and there are some old mosques. including Masjed-e Malek (Mosque of the King, 11th century). Masjed-e Jomeh (Friday Mosque), Masjed-e Bazar-e Shaah (Mosque of the Shah’s Bazaar.

At the western end of the bazaar is the Ark (Arg). the former citadel of the Qajar dynasty. Next to it is the Qaleh, allegedly constructed as a citadel by the Afghans in 1722. On the Kerman plain stands the Jabel-e Sang (Mountain of Stone). a tomb built probably in the 11th or 12th century, and to the west is the Bagh-e Sirif, a luxuriant garden.

Spectacular places

There are plenty of nice places to see for instance:

  • Mouyedi Ice-House. There are several small-gardens around this ice-house which were filled with the water in winter. then after that the water iced, the ices lead to the ice-house to use in summer.
  • Jameh mosque– The Friday mosque.
  • Malek mosque (Imam mosque)– A gem of a mosque!
  • National Library, housed in a former a textile factory.
  • Museum of the Holy Defense
  • Takht-e Dargah-e Gholi Beyg– A monument in the side of the hills in the east of Kerman.
  • Ghal’e Dokhtar– A historical castle in the hills in the east of Kerman; attributed to the Ashkanian era.
  • Ghal’e Ardeshir– A historical castle in the hills in the east of Kerman; attributed to the Ashkanian era.
  • Kerman Bazaar. this is one of the oldest trading centres in Iran
  • Ganjali Khan Square– It is similar to “Naghshe Jahan” and “Mirchakhmaq” squares. The bazaars are located in three side of square and in the fourth side.
  • Ganjalikhan bath– A historic bath.
  • Ganjali Khan Mosque– It is located in the north-west of square and near Ganjalikhan School. It was constructed in 1007 AH (1694-95 CE).
  • Zarabkhaneh museum– It is located in the north side of square. This eight-angle place includes an arch, four porticoes and four booths in four views. Now, it has changed to coin museum.
  • Gonbad-e- Jabaliyeh is a place of historical importance in Iran. It was constructed of stone and brick. though the building is of stone and gypsum, and its architectural affects were inspired from the Sassanid period.
  • Sanati Museum.
  • Moshtaghiye Dome (Three domes).
  • Museum of Zoroastrianism.
  • Rayen Castle. On a day trip you can visit the magnificent old citadel .
  • Shazdeh’s garden, Mahan, Kerman. Mahan is 30 km away. There you can see Shazdeh’s garden which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It covers about 5.5 hectares, with a rectangular shape and a wall around it. The garden is a fine example of Persian gardens that take advantage of a suitable natural climate.
  • Fathabad Garden. a historical Persian garden located near Kerman.
  • Shah Nimatullah Wali Shrine.
  • kalouts. Kaluts is the region that are extended from the center Lut to the west. They are the most beautiful natural phenomena. They are unique and can’t be found in any desert of the world.