Shiraz

The beautiful and charming city of Shiraz is about 900 km far from Tehran and it is the center of the Fars Province.

City of poets, Shiraz is home to the graves of Hafez and Sa’di. both major pilgrimage sites for Iranians. It’s also home to splendid gardens, exquisite mosques and whispered echoes of ancient sophistication.

Shiraz  is the fifth-most-populous city of IRAN and the capital of Fars Province (Old Persian as Pars). The population of the city is aboout 1,869,000. Shiraz is located in the southwest of IRAN. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. Shiraz is one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia.

The earliest reference to the city, is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters. due to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists.

It was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1800. Two famous poets of IRAN, Hafez and Saadi, are from Shiraz. whose tombs are on the north side of the current city boundaries.

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, literature, wine and flowers. It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens. due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city, for example Eram Garden. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities.

Geography

Shiraz is located in the south of IRAN. It is built in a green plain at the foot of the Zagros Mountains1,500 metres above sea level. Shiraz is 800 kilometres south of Tehran. This township has a moderate climate with regular seasons. Since long Shiraz has been considered to have a great importance in the history.

A seasonal river, Dry River, flows through the northern part of the city and on into Maharloo Lake. As of 1920, the area had a large forest of oak trees.

Gardens and Shiraz

You can completely feel the highlights of the cultural city of Shiraz. if you travel to this nice city when the fragrance of flowers, especially orange tree blossoms has filled up the air. you should really pay a visit to its marvelously attractive gardens. which are numerous and extraordinarily beautiful and eye catching.

During the Zand dynasty when Shiraz was the capital of IRAN, it was a small village limited around the Arg of Karim Khan. and naturally there were several villages near it. The north part of old Shiraz was completely covered with gardens and green trees that still remain. A number of municipal laws prohibit construction in any of the garden areas. On the other hand, we see Shiraz as being more likely to have clean air in IRAN. this is when it is compared to big cities such as Tehran or Isfahan. and the reason behind it may lie in Shiraz’s many gardens.

Climate

Shiraz’s climate has distinct seasons. Summers are hot, with a July average high of 38.8 °C.  Winters are cool, with average low temperatures below freezing in December and January. Around 300 mm of rain falls each year, almost entirely in the winter months.

Culture

Shiraz is known as the city of poets, gardens, wine, nightingales and flowers. The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design. silver-ware; carpet-weaving, and the making of the rugs called gilim (Shiraz Kilim). and “jajim” in the villages and among the tribes.

The garden is an important part of Iranian culture. There are many old gardens in Shiraz such as the Eram garden and the Afif abad garden. Shirazi wine originates from the city.

Shiraz is proud of being mother land of Hafiz Shiraz. Shiraz is a center for Iranian culture and has produced a number of famous poets. Saadi, a 12th- and 13th-century poet was born in Shiraz.

the amazing architecture of these attractions is what really fascinates every visitor. especially the ones who study architecture and architectural styles professionally. both in terms of Ancient and historical architecture and also modern architectural styles.

Tourist attractions in Shiraz

The long history of this city has left many historical and cultural monuments. along with the natural views to be visited by tourists. The city is one of the key tourism sites in IRAN, its cultural heritage is of global importance.

  • The tombs of Hafiz, Saadi, and Khaju e Kermani. And the tomb of Karim Khan Zand is at the Pars Museum of Shiraz.
  • The oldest mosque is Atigh Jame’ Mosque, which is one of the older mosques of IRAN. followed by Vakil Mosque and Nasir al-Mulk mosque. The Vakil Mosque is situated west of the famous Vakil Bazaar. It covers an area of 8,660 square metres and was built in 1187 (AH) during the Zand Dynasty.
  • The citadel of Arg of Karim Khan sits adjacent to the Vakil Bazaar and Vakil Bath at the city’s central district. The most famous of houses are Zinat-ol-Moluk House and Gahavam’s House. both in the old quarters of the city.
  • The Qur’an Gate is the entrance to Shiraz. It is located near the gorge of Allah-o-Akbar and is flanked by the Baba Kuhi and Chehel Maqam mountains.
  • The Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram) in Shiraz is a striking location for visitors. with a variety of plants as well as a historic mansion. Other historical Persian gardens are Afifabad Garden and The Museum of Weapons. Delgosha Garden and Jahan Nama Garden.

Historical Attractions near Shiraz

Within a relatively short driving distance from Shiraz are the ruins of Persepolis, Bishapur, Pasargad, and Firouzabad. At Naqsh-e Rustam you can see the tombs of the Achaemenid kings. even the tomb of Cyrus the Great.

  • Persepoliswas the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire ( 550–330 BC. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
  • Tomb of Cyrusis the monument of Cyrus the Great. southwest of the palaces of Pasargad. According to Greek sources, it dates back to 559-29 B.C.
  • Naqsh-e Rustamis an ancient necropolis located about 12 kilometres northwest of Persepolis. with a group of ancient Iranian rock reliefs cut into the cliff. from both the Achaemenid and Sassanid with a further group of Sassanid reliefs. Naqsh-e Rostam is a site believed by archaeologists to have been a cemetery for Persepolis. where Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid royalty were laid to rest.
  • Bishapurwas an ancient city in IRAN on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. The road linked the Sassanid capitals Estakhr (very close to Persepolis) and Ctesiphon. Bishapur was built near a river crossing and at the same site there is also a fort with rock-cut reservoirs. and a river valley with six Sassanid rock reliefs.

More Attractions:

  • Margoon Waterfallis located near the city of Sepidan. Its name means in Persian “snake like”.
  • Shapur caveis located in the Zagros Mountains, in southern IRAN. about 6 kilometres from the ancient city of Bishapur. This cave is near Kazerun in Chogan valley, which was the site of polo in the Sasanian period.
  • Palace of Ardashir, also known as the Atash-kadeh, is a castle located on the slopes of the mountain. Built in AD 224 by King Ardashir Iof the Sassanian Empire. it is located two kilometres north of the ancient city of Gor.
  • Pooladkafis a ski resort in the south of IRAN. In spite of its low latitude, it receives adequate snow due to its high elevation (usually 2 metres of snow in February). The skiing season starts in December and lasts to the end of March, or in some years April.
  • Qal’eh Dokhtar, is a castle made by Ardashir I, in present-day Fars, IRAN, in 209 AD. It is located on a mountain slope near the Firouzabad-Kavar
  • Maharloo Lake is a very beautiful lake near Shiraz. It is a popular breeding ground for various bird species.