Tehran is the capital of IRAN and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia. and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796. The capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran.

Tehran Attractions

Tehran is home to many historical collections, including the royal complexes of Golestan, Sa’dabad, and Niavaran. where the two last dynasties of the former Imperial State of Iran were seated. Tehran’s most famous landmarks include the Azadi Tower. A memorial built under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah of the Pahlavi. dynasty in 1971 to mark the 2,500th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran.

The Milad Tower, the world’s sixth-tallest self-supporting tower which was completed in 2007. The Tabiat Bridge, a newly-built landmark, was completed in 2014.

The majority of the population of Tehran are Persian-speaking people. There are large populations of other ethno-linguistic groups who live in Tehran and speak Persian as a second language.

Tehran has an international airport (Imam Khomeini Airport) and a domestic airport (Mehrabad Airport). A central railway station, the rapid transit system of Tehran Metro. A bus rapid transit system, trolleybuses, and a large network of highways.

The origin of the name Tehran is uncertain. The settlement of Tehran dates back over 7,000 years.

Mount Damavand, the highest peak of Iran and west Asia, is located near Tehran. It is an important location in Ferdowsi’s Shahname, the Iranian epic poem that is based on the ancient legends of Iran.

Tehran’s most famous landmark, the Azadi Tower, was built by the order of the Shah in 1971. It was built in commemoration of the 2,500th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran.

The 435-meter-high Milad Tower, was completed in 2007, and has thence become a famous landmark of Tehran. The 270-meter pedestrian overpass of Tabiat Bridge is a newly-built landmark, was completed in 2014.


Tehran features a cold semi-arid climate with continental climate characteristics and a Mediterranean climate precipitation pattern. Tehran’s climate is largely defined by its geographic location. With the towering Alborz mountains to its north and the country’s central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in spring and autumn, hot and dry in summer, and cold and wet in winter.

Because the city is large with significant differences in elevation among various districts. the weather is often cooler in the hilly north than in the flat southern part of Tehran. For instance, the 17.3 km Valiasr Street runs from Tehran’s railway station at 1,117 m  elevation above sea level in the south of the city to Tajrish Square at 1712 m elevation in the north. However, the elevation can even rise up to 2,000 m at the end of Velenjak in northern Tehran.

Summer is long, hot, and dry with little rain, but relative humidity is generally low, making the heat tolerable. Average high temperatures are between 32 and 41 °C. and it can drop to 14 °C in the mountainous north of the city at night. Most of the light annual precipitation occurs from late autumn to mid-spring. but no one month is particularly wet.


Tehran, as one of the main tourist destinations in Iran, has a wealth of cultural attractions. It is home to royal complexes of Golestan, Saadabad and Niavaran. which were built under the reign of the country’s last two monarchies.

There are several historic, artistic and scientific museums in Tehran. including the National Museum, the Malek Museum. the Cinema Museum at Ferdows Garden, the Abgineh Museum, Museum of the Qasr Prison, the Carpet Museum. the Reverse Glass Painting Museum, and the Safir Office Machines Museum.

There is also the Museum of Contemporary Art, which hosts works of famous artists such as Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, and Andy Warhol.

The Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, one of the largest jewel collections in the world. are also on display at Tehran’s National Jewelry Museum.

A number of cultural and trade exhibitions take place in Tehran. which are mainly operated by the country’s International Exhibitions Company. Tehran’s annual International Book Fair is known to the international publishing world as one of the most important publishing events in Asia.